Northern Romani dialects

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Northern Romani
Baltic States, Belgium, Britain, Czech Republic, France, Germany, Italy, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Scandinavia, Slovakia, Spain
Linguistic classificationIndo-European

Northern Romani is group of dialects of the Romani language spoken in various Northern European, Central European and Eastern European countries.

The first grammatical outline of Romani was done on Sinti variety.[1]


Elšík[2] uses this classification and dialect examples (geographical information from Matras[1]):

Sub-group Dialect Place
British Welsh Wales
English England
Finnish Finnish Finland (only about a thousand speakers)[1]
Northeastern Lotfitko Latvia[3]
Xaladytko North Russian[4]
Lešaki Poland
Sinto-Manuš Prajstiko Prussia[5]
Hameln Sinti North Germany[6]
Marburg Sinti West Germany
Bohemian Sinti Czech lands before World War II
Hungarian Sinti Hungary
Westphalian Sinti Northeastern Germany
Auvergne Manuš South Central France
Piedmontese Sinti Northwest Italy
Lombardian Sinti North Italy
Venetian Sinti Northeast Italy
Apennine Abruzzian Central Italy
Calabrian South Italy


  1. ^ a b c Matras, Yaron (2002). Romani: A Linguistic Introduction, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-02330-0
  2. ^ Elšík, Viktor (1999). "Dialect variation in Romani personal pronouns" (PDF). p. 2. Retrieved 17 September 2013.
  3. ^ "ROMLEX: Romani Dialects". Retrieved 14 January 2018.
  4. ^ Bakker, Peter; Kiuchukov, Khristo (2000). "What is the Romani language? (Hertfordshire: University of Hertfordshire Press): p. 100. ISBN 1-902806-06-9
  5. ^ Elšík, Viktor (2005). ""Sintská a manušská romština: sociolingvistická situace, komunity mluvčích a dokumentace jejich jazyka"" (PDF). p. 9. Retrieved 14 January 2018.
  6. ^ Elšík 2005: p. 10