Daniel Huntington (artist)

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Daniel Huntington
Born(1816-10-04)October 4, 1816
DiedApril 19, 1906(1906-04-19) (aged 89)
New York City, New York, U.S.
EducationYale University
Hamilton College
Parent(s)Benjamin Huntington, Jr.
Faith Trumbull Huntington
RelativesBenjamin Huntington (grandfather)

Daniel Huntington (October 4, 1816 – April 19, 1906)[1] was an American artist who belonged to the art movement known as the Hudson River School and later became a prominent portrait painter.

Early life[edit]

Huntington was born in New York City, New York on October 4, 1816. He was the son of Benjamin Huntington, Jr. and Faith (née Trumbull) Huntington. His paternal grandfather was Benjamin Huntington, delegate at the Second Continental Congress and first U.S. Representative from Connecticut. His maternal grandfather was Jedediah Huntington (1743–1818) of Norwich, Connecticut, who served as a General in the American Revolutionary War.[2]

He studied at Yale with Samuel F.B. Morse, and later with Henry Inman. From 1833 to 1835, he transferred to Hamilton College in Clinton, New York, where he met Charles Loring Elliott, who encouraged him to become an artist.[1]


Huntington first exhibited his work at the National Academy of Design in 1836. Subsequently, he painted some landscapes in the tradition of the Hudson River School. Huntington made several trips to Europe, the first in 1839 traveling to England, Rome, Florence and Paris with his friend and pupil Henry Peters Gray. On his return to America in 1840, he painted his allegorical painting "Mercy's Dream", which brought him fame and confirmed his interest in inspirational subjects. He also painted portraits and began the illustration of The Pilgrim's Progress. In 1844, he went back to Rome.[1]

Returning to New York around 1846, he devoted his time chiefly to portrait-painting, although he painted many genre, religious and historical subjects.[3] From 1851 to 1859, he was in England. He was president of the National Academy of Design from 1862 to 1870, and again in 1877–1890.[3] He was also vice president of the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York.[4]

Self-portrait by Daniel Huntington, 1891
Mercy's Dream
Italy, 1843

Personal life[edit]

Huntington was married to Harriet Sophia Richards (1821–1893), a daughter of Charles H. Richards and Sarah (née Hayward) Richards.[2] Together, they were the parents of Charles Richards Huntington (1847–1915), a merchant.[5][6]

Huntington died in New York City on April 19, 1906.[1] He was buried at Green-Wood Cemetery in Brooklyn.[6]


Among his principal works are:

  • "The Florentine Girl"
  • "Early Christian Prisoners"
  • "The Shepherd Boy of the Campagna"
  • "The Roman Penitents"
  • "Christiana and Her Children"
  • "Queen Mary signing the Death-Warrant of Lady Jane Grey"
  • "Feckenham in the Tower" (1850)
  • "Chocorua" (1860)
  • "Republican Court in the Time of Washington" containing sixty-four careful portraits (1861)
  • "Philosophy and Christian Art" (1868)
  • "Sowing the Word" (1869)
  • "St Jerome, Juliet on the Balcony" (1870)
  • "The Narrows, Lake George" (1871)
  • "Clement VII. and Charles V. at Bologna"
  • "Goldsmiths Daughter" (1884)

His principal portraits are:



  1. ^ a b c d "DANIEL HUNTINGTON DIES.; Well-Known Artist Passes Away at His Home in This City". The New York Times. 20 April 1906. Retrieved 30 May 2020.
  2. ^ a b Who's Who in New York City and State. L.R. Hamersly Company. 1914. p. 380. Retrieved 30 May 2020.
  3. ^ a b c  One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Huntington, Daniel". Encyclopædia Britannica. Vol. 13 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 953.
  4. ^ Looking at Pictures in the Grand Salon: a guide to the artists. Smithsonian American Art Museum, Renwick Gallery.
  5. ^ "Died". The New York Times. 29 October 1915. Retrieved 30 May 2020.
  6. ^ a b Gotwals, Jenny; Markham, Sandra. "Guide to the Daniel Huntington Study Portrait Photographs Collection ca. 1870-1890". dlib.nyu.edu. New-York Historical Society. Retrieved 30 May 2020.

External links[edit]